This Week in History: May 24-30

esta semana historia 24 30 mayo 640x360
esta semana historia 24 30 mayo 640x360

We begin the week with our summary of the most important events that occurred on these dates in history. On this occasion, a great movie was released in the cinema, and two great LGBT personalities also stand out. Do you want to know more? Keep reading!

May 25, 1954: Endre Ernő Friedmann, Hungarian war photographer and journalist, dies

Endre Ernő Friedmann and Gerta Pohorylle

This photojournalist, along with his partner Gerta Pohorylle, who shared the same profession, were in charge of documenting several important conflicts in history under the pseudonym Robert Capa. Because they shared the signature, it is unknown which photos belong to each of them.

Both were in charge of covering the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, various events of World War II (battles that occurred in London in North Africa, Italy, Normandy and Paris), the Arab-Israeli war of 1948 and the First Indochina War.

May 25, 1961: In the United States, President John F. Kennedy presents the Apollo project, the first that would take man to the Moon

In the middle of the space race, and after seeing that the Soviets had taken so much advantage in the field, the United States decided to take a big step and announce its plans to put man on the moon.

On this day, Kennedy said: “I believe that this nation must commit to itself to achieve the goal – before the end of this decade – of taking a man to the Moon and returning him safely to Earth.” Eight years later, the man was reaching this destination.

May 25, 1977: The movie ‘Star Wars: Episode IV – A New Hope’ is released

Star Wars: Episode IV - A New Hope

One of the most famous movies of all time was released on this day in history. Initially titled only as ‘Star Wars’, this film became one of the main references of science fiction cinema of all time, and even today they continue to feed the stories of this universe. Thanks to her, it has been determined that every year on this date the Geek Pride Day.

It is strongly inspired by the hero’s journey and also by the Akira Kurosawa movies, who has been a great inspiration to Geoge Lucas throughout his career.

May 25, 2020: Cops kill George Floyd

Minneapolis to pay $ 27 million to George Floyd's family

On this date, a group of police officers pressed George Floyd’s neck in an attempt to arrest him, but instead ended up taking his life.

This caused a great wave of protests to be generated in the United States against the treatment that black people receive due to the strong racism in the country. In addition, he also escalated to denounce the police brutality that is exerted on this group of people.

May 26, 1951: Sally Ride, American astronaut, is born, the first American woman to go to space

Sally ride

On this day, the first American woman to travel to space came to this world. Sally Ride accomplished this feat on June 18, 1983 aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger on the STS-7 space mission.

However, she was not only the first American woman in space, but also NASA’s first declared LGBT astronaut. However, this was not known until after his death, when it was revealed that his partner was Professor Tam O’Shaughessy, with whom he had been in a relationship for 27 years.

May 27, 1895: in London, writer Oscar Wilde is convicted of his homosexuality

Oscar Wilde together with Lord Alfred Douglas
Oscar Wilde together with Lord Alfred Douglas

At the time, being homosexual was condemned by law, and even the great writer Oscar Wilde would not be spared. On this day, after holding a trial about his sexual orientation, Oscar Wilde was sentenced to two years in prison with hard labor for being homosexual.

Curiously, it was an open secret, since neither the writer nor his lover, Lord Alfred Douglas, had bothered to hide it too much. If you want to read the whole story, we invite you to visit our article.

May 27, 1897: John Douglas Cockcroft, British physicist, 1951 Nobel laureate in Physics is born

John Douglas Cockcroft

John Douglas Cockcroft became one of the main references in the area of ​​physics because he was the first scientist to disintegrate an atomic nucleus, which was essential in the development of nuclear energy.

Due to this very feat, Cockcroft was awarded the Hughes medal in 1938, and ten years later he obtained the title of Sir.

May 30, 1431: Joan of Arc, French revolutionary leader, dies

Joan of Arc

Joan of Arc was a great woman dedicated to her religion and her country, but unfortunately she was burned by the gallows, just like any other person accused of heretic.

At the time, Juana gave her life for a revelation that she had at the age of 16, in which the archangel Saint Michael, Saint Margaret of Antioch and Catherine of Alexandria gave her instructions on how to save France by allying with Charles VI. She even fought in battles and achieved her mission, but at 19 she was accused of heresy due to her alleged connection to divinity.

What has been the event that most caught your attention? Leave us your comment!